Tanzania

Within Tanzania’s vast country, more than 70% of the 50.8 million total population lives in rural areas.[1] With high infant and maternal mortality and inadequate human resources for health, the Government is striving to strengthen quality and access to family planning.

AFP’s local partners, the Johns Hopkins Center for Communication Programs Tanzania, Health Promotion Tanzania, and United Nations Association of Tanzania advocate for sustained family planning funding and access to quality reproductive healthcare in the most challenged areas of the country.

View Tanzania’s Family Planning 2020 commitment.

In the tabs below, review AFP Tanzania’s Key Contacts, their specific Advocacy Priorities for 2015, Tanzania’s Evidence & Briefs, and Milestones toward achieving family planning goals.

2012

Tanzania President Kikwete's Pledge at the 2012 Family Planning Summit in London

Source: Gates Foundation

In his keynote address at the London Summit for Family Planning last summer, Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete pledged to double the country's number of family planning users to 4.2 million by 2015, and achieve a national target of 60 percent contraceptive prevalence. (In 2010, the rate was just 27 percent.) Reaching out to youth through friendly services and empowering messages, and making contraception a smart and responsible choice rather than a taboo, will be integral to reaching these goals. 

Link:
2016

Brief: Investing in Family Planning for Tanzania’s Health and Development

Source: Health Promotion Tanzania, United Nations Association Tanzania

A new brief entitled Investing in Family Planning for Tanzania’s Health and Development highlights the Government of Tanzania’s tremendous commitment to family planning and achievements in addressing the population’s family planning needs since 2012. It also recommends next steps for policymakers to intensify efforts towards attaining family planning goals.

As of 2010, only one in three women used contraception (modern and traditional) in Tanzania. In 2012 at the London Summit on Family Planning, the government took action, making six political commitments with the goal of attaining a national contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR) of 60%. These commitments garnered the support of government representatives, members of Parliament, civil societies and non-governmental organizations, development partners, and the private sector.

The report captures significant achievements towards those commitments, including:

  • Releasing a total of five billion shillings from the government’s own sources for the 2014-2015 fiscal year to procure and distribute family planning commodities and supplies.
  • Increasing family planning allocations in the health budgets of several districts in the Lake Zone.
  • Doubling the number of family planning users in the Mara region, which has the lowest CPR in the country, over a period of just nine months (October 2013–June 2014).
  • Making family planning as one of the top priority interventions in the 2014-2015 National Road Map Strategic Plan to Accelerate Reduction of Maternal, Newborn and Child Deaths dubbed as One Plan II.

The brief affirms that in order “to meet its national family planning targets, Tanzania needs all levels of government, the private sector, and civil society to maintain strong commitment to ensure that the resources, commodities and systems are in place.” It recommends four main steps to continue progress.

The report is a joint effort by Health Promotion Tanzania and United Nations Association of Tanzania. View the report and recommendations online. For hard copies and more information, please contact:

Halima Shariff

hshariff@jhuccptz.org

+255 788 249 091

 

2015

CASE STUDY: Tanzanian Higher Learning Institutions Prioritize Access to Family Planning for Students

Source: AFP

Beginning in October 2014, several higher learning institutions (HLIs) in Tanzania banded together to improve their students’ access to sexual and reproductive health information and services. The effort started modestly—with 13 HLIs in the largely rural regions of Mwanza and Shinyanga. One year later, the initiative is poised to benefit over 18,000 students in the two regions and has contributed to a nationwide policy change to mandate sexual and reproductive health service provision in all 52 HLIs in Tanzania.

2015

ÉTUDE DE CAS: Le gouvernement de Tanzanie alloue 2 milliards de shillings à la planification familiale pour 2014-2015

Source: AFP

Pour l’année fiscale 2014-2015, le gouvernement de Tanzanie a alloué deux milliards de shillings (soit 1,15 millions de dollars) à la planification familiale –l’allocation la plus importante depuis la création de la ligne budgétaire de planification familiale en 2010, et une augmentation de 100% du budget 2013-2014.

2014

Accelerating Contraceptive Choice Meeting

Stakeholders in East Africa convened in Nairobi in April 2014 for Accelerating Contraceptive Choice, a regional meeting to increase access to high-quality family planning services in sub-Saharan Africa, beginning in East Africa. Specifically, so that women and men will have access to the widest possible range of contraceptives and accurate information on these methods, enabling them to make an informed, voluntary choice about the method which best fulfills their desires and needs.

The meeting brought together 80 experts in program and policy development and implementation in East Africa and emphasized gains to be made in Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda to accelerate contraceptive choice. It provided a platform for exchange of key technical resources, research findings, shared experiences, and the impediments and opportunities for large-scale uptake of proven interventions.

2012

First-Ever Parliamentarian Club Founded to Build on Three-Fold Increase in Domestic Spending for Family Planning

Source: AFP

A newly formed parliamentarian family planning club (PFPC) in Tanzania will oversee 1.83 billion shillings (US$ 1.1 million) of domestic resources for family planning during the 2011/2012 financial year, a three-fold increase over the previous year. Convened by the Tanzanian Association of Parliamentarians for Population and Development and aided by Health Policy Project (HPP) and Advance Family Planning (AFP), the PFPC comprises 15 members of parliament (MPs) from both the ruling and opposition parties of mainland Tanzania and Zanzibar. These MPs pledge to advance family planning as a socio-economic development tool, engage in policy on fund disbursement and supply chain management, and improve the quality of health services as steps toward reaching the national target of a 60% contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR) by 2015.

2012

The Tanzania Development Vision 2025

Source: Government of Tanzania

The objective of this Development Vision is to awaken, coordinate and direct the people's efforts, minds and national resources toward those core sectors that will enable attainment of development goals.

Link:
2012

Tanzania: Reproductive Health Law in Offing

Source: AllAfrica

A law to protect rights of mothers and adolescent girls in accessing reproductive health services is in the offing. A draft bill will be presented to a group of Parliamentarians in February 2012 to kick-start the process of enacting the law.

Link:
2011

The Tanzania Five-Year Development Plan 2011/12 - 2015/16

Source: United Republic of Tanzania President's Office, Planning Commission

The Five-Year Development Plan has taken into account overall national development goals and policy objectives; sectoral initiatives, the National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty, MKUKUTA II, the key benchmarks of Long Term Perspective Plan (2011/12 - 2025/26), as well as findings of the Review of Vision 2025.

The Plan is underpinned by specific strategies to fast-track realization of the Vision 2025 goals and objectives. These include sustainable and effective utilization of existing human and natural capital, and creation of an enabling environment for the private sector to invest and participate in a wide range of business opportunities in the next five years.   It is the government’s expectation that this Plan will help scale up the country's efforts of promoting socioeconomic development.

Link:
2011

Influencing Change in Policy, Power and Practice: A resource guide for AcT CSO Partners

Source: Accountability in Tanzania Programme

Working on accountability is complicated – especially in multi-stakeholder environments with elaborate formal dialogue structures and processes and uncertain informal ones, and when almost all Civil Society Organizations are heavily donor-dependent. Despite the wealth of strong technical advice available, there are many examples, from the pressure to build ward secondary schools, to providing clinics in every village, where what drives change are not the merits of a technical discussion, but the broader political economy. 

The Accountability in Tanzania Programme (AcT) is an initiative funded by UKaid from the Department of International Development. AcT seeks to work with civil society to strengthen their capacity to demand the delivery of quality services and efficient and accountable management of public resources. 

2011

National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty II: NSGRP II

Source: Tanzania Ministry of Finance and Economic Affairs

This is the Second National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty (NSGRP II) to be implemented between 2010/11 and 2014/15. In the Tanzanian lingua franca, Kiswahili, it is known as Mpango wa Pili wa Kukuza Uchumi na Kuondoa Umaskini Tanzania or MKUKUTA II. As with MKUKUTA I (2005/06 – 2009/10) the focus continues to be on accelerating economic growth, reducing poverty, improving the standard of living and social welfare of the people of Tanzania, as well as good governance and accountability. MKUKUTA II, like its predecessor, is a vehicle for realizing Tanzania’s Development Vision 2025, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the aspirations of the ruling Party’s Election Manifesto.

Link:
2008

Health Sector Budget and MTEF: An Introduction & Guide

Slide pack outlining health sector budgeting.

Link:

Tanzania Advocacy Priorities

Advance Family Planning will focus on working with the Tanzanian government to meet the commitment made at the London Summit on Family Planning. Priorities include: (1) developing a reproductive health commodity security strategy; (2) finalizing family planning guidelines; (3) increasing access in rural and underserved districts; (4) overcoming chronic contraceptive stock-outs and lack of access to long-acting and permanent methods; (4) community-based distribution of contraception; (5) national investment balancing against donor dependency for commodities; (5) improved knowledge of family planning among district leaders; (6) access to family planning within HIV/AIDS and maternal health services.

In order to ensure continued and adequate funding for these commodities, national and international NGOs are engaged in advocacy for establishing a budget line item for family planning (FP)/reproductive health (RH) in the Mid-Term Expenditure Framework (MTEF). The current efforts by the government to allocate and spend on contraceptives supplies is commendable and a step in the right direction. However, these supplies should be included as a core component of maternal health care along with wider RH needs. RH supplies should be an integral part of the health package as a way to prioritize it.

AFP Resources
Date Title Source
2016

étud de cas: Un plaidoyer au Zanzibar mène à la réduction des ruptures de stocks des commodités de planification familiale

Avoir accès à la contraception implique une série d’étapes complexes, allant du fabriquant au distributeur à l’acheteur, aux entrepôts de médicaments...
Advance Family Planning
2016

étud de cas: Les Instituts d'Enseignement Supérieur en Tanzanie font de l'accès des étudiants à la planification familiale une priorité

Au début du mois d’octobre 2014, plusieurs Instituts d’Enseignement Supérieur (IES) en Tanzanie ont joint leurs forces pour améliorer l’accès des...
Advance Family Planning
2016

Brief: Investing in Family Planning for Tanzania’s Health and Development

A new brief entitled Investing in Family Planning for Tanzania’s Health and Development highlights the Government of Tanzania’s tremendous commitment...
Health Promotion Tanzania, United Nations Association Tanzania
2015

Increasing Access to Youth Sexual & Reproductive Health Services in Tanzania: Recommendations to Higher Learning Institutions

Adolescent sexual and reproductive health is a public health priority. Alongside benefiting youth directly, increased investment in these services...
Elspeth Williams, Department of Population, Family & Reproductive Health Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health
2015

Case Study: Government of Tanzania Allocates 2 Billion Shillings to Family Planning for 2014-2015

For the 2014-2015 fiscal year, the Government of Tanzania allocated two billion shillings (Tsh) (US $1.15 million) to family planning—the largest...
AFP
2014

15th Annual General Membership Meeting for the Reproductive Health Supplies Coalition

The Pros and Cons of Decentralization for Increasing Contraceptive Access and UseAt the RHSC Annual Meeting, held October 20th-24th 2014 in Mexico...
2014

Ensuring Access to Family Planning for All in Tanzania

This document highlights Tanzania's FP2020 commitment and the advocacy and policy priorities for Advance Family Planning.
Advance Family Planning
2014

Tanzanian NGOs and Government Open Door to Improve Contraceptive Supply System

On October 24, 2012, the MoHSW authorized new accountability guidelines allowing non-governmental organizations to access contraceptive commodities...
AFP
2014

Addressing Contraceptive Stock-outs Caused by Procurement Delays in Tanzania

In August 2013, the Government of Tanzania approved a major change in how it purchases contraceptives in an effort to ensure a consistent flow of...
AFP
2013

Influencing Government Health Budgets in Tanzania: A Guide for Civil Society

This booklet provides information for civil society organizations on how the health budget is developed in Tanzania and suggests entry points where...
Futures Group
2012

Launch of TZ Parliamentary Family Planning Club

The Tanzanian Parliamentary Family Planning Club (PFPC) was officially launched in Dodoma Hotel in July 2012.
AFP Tanzania
2012

Maternal and Child Deaths - Family Planning a Priority for Kisarawe District

The Tanzania Central Government has set a target under the National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty (MKUKUTA II) to reduce maternal...
AFP Tanzania, 2012
2011

Saving Women's Lives with Family Planning (Tanzania)

A policy brief and factsheet (FAQ) on maternal health developed for use and/or adaptation by AFP partners.
AFP, 2011
2011

Family Planning in Tanzania

A policy brief on family planning for use/adaptation by our partners.
AFP, 2011
Other Resources
Date Title Source
2015

UNA Tanzania calls for 5 billion Family Planning Budget in 2015/2016

Attaining Maternal Health Targets in TanzaniaAddressing Skills Gap in Increasing Family Planning Coverage.Maternal deaths in Tanzania are one of the...
United Nations Association Tanzania
2014

Country Development Cooperation Strategy October 3, 2014 – October 3, 2019

United States Agency for International Development Country Strategies
2014

Tanzania Ministry of Health: The National Family Planning Costed Implementation Program 2010-2015

This document describes revisions to the National Family Planning Costed Implementation Program (NFPCIP) launched by the Ministry of Health and...
2013

Melinda Gates Hails Tanzania over Contraceptive Plan

The wife of billionaire Microsoft founder Bill Gates, Melinda, has recommended Tanzania’s move to put a local budget line for reproductive health in...
Daily News
2013

Tanzania Private Health Sector Assessment

On February 26, 2013, SHOPS and the International Finance Corporation's Health in Africa Initiative disseminated the findings from a private health...
Strengthening Health Outcomes through the Private Sector (SHOPS)
2012

Reaching the Poor? Wide Inequities in Contraceptive Access in Tanzania

The Government of United Republic of Tanzania acknowledges that family planning must be prioritized in an effort to address poverty, and that family...
Bill & Melinda Gates Institute for Population and Reproductive Health/AFP Tanzania
2012

Making Health Financing Work for Poor People in Tanzania

Tanzania is currently developing a Health Financing Strategy to provide a medium to long-term road map for a sustainable and integrated health...
The World Bank
2012

The Status of Family Planning Services in Kisarawe District

A rapid assessment report on the family planning situation in the Kisarawe district.
The Advocacy Network on HIV and AIDS in Tanzania (ANAT) and Advance Family Planning (AFP)
2012

Benefits of Family Planning for the Community and Nation

In Tanzania, 22% of currently married women want to space or limit their births but are not using contraception. This shows that a large unmet need...
AfriComNet
2012

Advance Family Planning/Tanzania, AFP/TZ

Tanzania has a favorable policy environment for family planning. At the recent London Summit on Family Planning, the Government made several...
Bill and Melinda Gates Institute for Population and Reproductive Health / AFP Tanzania
2011

Increased Family Planning Access Essential to MKUKUTA II

The Second National Strategy for Growth and Poverty Reduction/MKUKUTA II is a blueprint that demonstrates government commitment to accelerate broad-...
Bill & Melinda Gates Institute for Population and Reproductive Health
2011

Gender: A Woman's Role in Family Planning

Family planning is not a luxury for the majority of Tanzanian women, since its accessibility and acceptability remain a challenge. Despite the fact...
AfriComNet
2011

A Comparative Analysis of Health and Development Policies in Tanzania

In June 2011, the President of Tanzania, Hon. Dr. Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete, launched a Five-Year Development Plan (FYDP) for Tanzania; covering 2011-...
Human Development Trust and Pathfinder International
2011

Fast Facts: Sexual and Reproductive Health in the New Aid Environment in Tanzania

With the launch of a new case study from Tanzania, DSW has issued this second publication of its series of Fast Facts. DSW's Fast Facts enable Civil...
The German Foundation for World Population (DSW)
2011

Civic Education Initiates Immediate Change for Communities in Meru, Tanzania

Within the Healthy Action project, DSW Tanzania and several partners conducted civic education trainings in three villages of Meru district to...
Healthy Action
AFP Resources
Date Title Source
2016

étud de cas: Un plaidoyer au Zanzibar mène à la réduction des ruptures de stocks des commodités de planification familiale

Avoir accès à la contraception implique une série d’étapes complexes, allant du fabriquant au distributeur à l’acheteur, aux entrepôts de médicaments...
Advance Family Planning
2016

étud de cas: Les Instituts d'Enseignement Supérieur en Tanzanie font de l'accès des étudiants à la planification familiale une priorité

Au début du mois d’octobre 2014, plusieurs Instituts d’Enseignement Supérieur (IES) en Tanzanie ont joint leurs forces pour améliorer l’accès des...
Advance Family Planning
2016

Brief: Investing in Family Planning for Tanzania’s Health and Development

A new brief entitled Investing in Family Planning for Tanzania’s Health and Development highlights the Government of Tanzania’s tremendous commitment...
Health Promotion Tanzania, United Nations Association Tanzania
2015

CASE STUDY: Advocacy in Zanzibar Leads to Reduction in Family Planning Commodity Stock-outs

Having ready access to contraception entails an intricate series of steps, from the manufacturer and supplier to the buyer and medicines warehouse...
AFP
2015

CASE STUDY: Tanzanian Higher Learning Institutions Prioritize Access to Family Planning for Students

Beginning in October 2014, several higher learning institutions (HLIs) in Tanzania banded together to improve their students’ access to sexual and...
AFP
2015

Case Study: Government of Tanzania Allocates 2 Billion Shillings to Family Planning for 2014-2015

For the 2014-2015 fiscal year, the Government of Tanzania allocated two billion shillings (Tsh) (US $1.15 million) to family planning—the largest...
AFP
Other Resources
Date Title Source
2014

Tanzania RMNCH Scorecard January - March 2014

Tanzania's National Road Map Strategic Plan to Accelerate Reduction of Maternal, Newborn and Child Deaths, dubbed the Sharpened One Plan, developed...
Tanzania Ministry of Health and Social Welfare
2014

Tanzanian Countdown to 2015 National Report Card

Tanzania's National Road Map Strategic Plan to Accelerate Reduction of Maternal, Newborn and Child Deaths, dubbed the Sharpened One Plan, developed...
Tanzania Ministry of Health and Social Welfare
2014

The National Road Map Strategic Plan to Accelerate Reduction of Maternal, Newborn and Child Deaths (2008-2015): Sharpened One Plan

Tanzania's National Road Map Strategic Plan to Accelerate Reduction of Maternal, Newborn and Child Deaths, dubbed the Sharpened One Plan, developed...
Tanzania Ministry of Health and Social Welfare

Halima Shariff

Director, Advance Family Planning Tanzania

+255 (22) 260-2905

Halima Shariff is an accomplished Tanzanian media specialist, and communication and strategist with more than 30 years experience. She has more than two decades of experience and knowledge in smart advocacy and public policy in sexual and reproductive health. Ms. Shariff is co-chair of the Reproductive Health Supplies Coalition Advocacy and Accountability Working Group.

James Mlali

Program Manager - Advocacy

+255 (22) 277 2264

James Mlali has extensive experience in family planning advocacy using evidence from research for influencing decision makers at national and subnational levels. For over five years he has been implementing the AFP project and successfully influenced the central and local government authorities to consistently improve policy and increase investments for family planning services in Tanzania.

Coordinating Partner


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