India is the second most populous country in the world, contributing to 35% of the global population. In 1951 it became the first country in the developing world to introduce a national family planning program to lower fertility and stabilize population growth.

Of the six high-priority states identified by the government of India, Bihar has the highest fertility rate (3.5), the highest unmet need (35.9%), and low modern contraceptive prevalence (29%). The state of Uttar Pradesh’s maternal and infant mortality rates are among the highest in the country, and nearly one in three women have an unmet need for family planning.[1]

In India, AFP partners with Jhpiego, Pathfinder, and Population Foundation of India (PFI).

Population Foundation of India (PFI), works in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. With both state governments ready to take policy and funding action, PFI is determined to advance on the commitment to increase contraceptive options and improve access to a wide range of contraceptive methods, with quality of care at the center.

Jhpiego works in Jharkhand at both state and districti level; initially focusing on Ranchi and Bokaro districts. Jhpiego’s work focuses on bringing about programmatic and policy level changes to ensure access to quality in family planning services.

Pathfinder International advocates to include family planning into CSR policies and increase financial allocations year by year. Through this advocacy initiative that involves strategic engagement with Indian companies by experienced personnel using AFP smart tools, Pathfinder hopes to unlock a new source of local funding for much-needed family planning programs in India.

View India’s Family Planning 2020 commitment.

In the tabs below, review key contacts, specific advocacy priorities, India’s evidence & briefs, and milestones toward achieving family planning goals.

[1] (DLHS 07-08).



ÉTUDE DE CAS: L’Uttar Pradesh initie l’examen et la révision de sa politique de population

Source: AFP

En février 2014, la Population Foundation of India, a signé un accord de collaboration avec l’Agence d’État pour les Projets d’Innovation en Planification Familiale (SIFPSA) pour examiner et réviser la politique de population de l’état d’Uttar Pradesh. Cet accord, facilité par SIFPSA en collaboration avec le partenaire d’Advance Family Planning, la Population Foundation of India (PFI), marque une étape importante vers une visibilité accrue de la planification familiale dans l’agenda politique de cet état, en identifiant des domaines d’amélioration dans les programmes de ce dernier, et en définissant un plan de mise en oeuvre pour suivre le progrès en cours.


Priorities in family planning advocacy in India over the next several years will focus on: (1) reducing regulations that impede implementation of favorable policies; (2) expanding the range of contraceptive methods available to women and couples, including contraceptive injectables; (3) increasing equitable access to quality services in underserved areas (including urban centers) and among the poor; (4) increasing the engagement of the private sector; (5) improving quality of care and informed choice.

AFP Resources
Date Title Source

Importance and Impact of Family Planning

Duff Gillespie, Advance Family Planning, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health
Other Resources
Date Title Source

Robbed of Choice and Dignity: Indian Women Dead after Mass Sterilisation - Situational Assessment of Sterilisation Camps in Bilaspur District, Chhattisgarh

Read the Situational Assessment of Sterilisation Camps in Bilaspur, written by four non-governmental organizations in India, including Advance Family...
Report by Multi-organisational Team

India's 'Vision FP 2020'

This document tries to articulate India’s global commitments made at the London Summit 2012 where over 60 developing countries pledged access to...
Government of India

Multiple Deprivations and Maternal Care in India

This study found wide inequalities in the provision of antenatal care, medical assistance at delivery and postnatal care among Indian women. Only 25...
International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health

Reproductive Health, and Child Health and Nutrition in India: Meeting the Challenge

India, with a population of more than 1 billion people, has many challenges in improving the health and nutrition of its citizens. Steady declines...
The Lancet

Condom Use Before Marriage and Its Correlates: Evidence from India

India has a long history of promoting condom use. It did initially as part of its family welfare and STD control programs, and later, with the...
International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health

Mass Media Campaign Promotes Family Planning in India

TV and radio spots were developed following extensive research from previous phases of the mass media campaign that used multiple creative approaches...
Center for Communication Programs

Low Use of Contraception Among Poor Women in Africa: An Equity Issue

Global health has improved considerably over the last four decades, but everywhere the health status of the poor compares unfavorably with that of...
World Health Organization, 2011
AFP Resources
Date Title Source

State Innovations in Family Planning Services Agency (SIFPSA) approves establishment of district working groups (DWGs) in 3 districts of Uttar Pradesh

Following advocacy from AFP partner Population Foundation of India (PFI), Mr. Rigzin Samphel, Additional Executive Director, SIFPSA, signed a letter...

AFP conducts SMART facilitation in Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh (UP) is the most populous state in India. The state has a total population of 19.96 crores (2011 census. As per the recent data...
Advance Family Planning

Case Study: Uttar Pradesh Initiates Review and Revision of Population Policy

In February 2014, the State Innovations in Family Planning Services Project Agency (SIFPSA), Uttar Pradesh, India, signed a memorandum of...

Government of Uttar Pradesh begins family planning program review

As a next step to the approved quarterly family planning review meetings, Advance Family Planning partner Population Foundation of India (PFI)...
Population Foundation of India

AFP conducts regional consultations for review and revision of Uttar Pradesh's population policy

  As part of the review and revision of Uttar Pradesh’s population policy in partnership with State Innovations in Family Planning Project...
Population Foundation of India

Government of Uttar Pradesh Funds New Family Planning Program Review Meetings

On October 25, 2014, AFP partner Population Foundation of India (PFI) achieved its second quick win—the Government of India through the National...

Uttar Pradesh initiates review and revision of the state's population policy

On February 20, 2014, Advance Family Planning partner Population Foundation of India signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with the...
Advance Family Planning, SIFPSA
Other Resources
Date Title Source

Civil Surgeon, Jehanabad District, Bihar commits to strengthening family planning program

Following AFP partners Population Foundation of India (PFI)and Gramin Evam Nagar Vikas Parishad (GENVP) continuous advocacy efforts, the Civil...
District Health Society, Jehanabad District, Bihar

Duff Gillespie

Principal Investigator, Advance Family Planning

Duff Gillespie is a Senior Scholar at The Bill & Melinda Gates Institute for Population and Reproductive Health, a Professor in the Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and Project Director for AFP. Previously, Dr. Gillespie served as Senior Deputy Assistant Administrator for the Global Health Bureau at the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). He has worked in the population and health field for over 30 years and was the Director of USAID’s Office of Population for seven years. Before moving to Johns Hopkins in 2004, he was a Visiting Scholar at the David and Lucile Packard Foundation. He supports India, Indonesia, and Kenya

Mervyn Christian

Program Officer, Advance Family Planning

Mervyn works with in-country partners to implement AFP’s advocacy approach. His work in programs and research combined approaches in community mobilization, behavior change communication, capacity building and advocacy. He has also been involved in addressing issues of sexual and gender based violence in the United States and post conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Most recently at the Bloomberg School of Public Health, he coordinated monitoring and evaluation study on maternal and child health outcomes in Cambodia, Guatemala, Kenya and Zambia. He holds a Masters in Public Health from JHSPH and a post graduate degree in Management of NGOs from the Entrepreneurship Development Institute of India. He supports Bangladesh and India.

Poonam Muttreja

Executive Director, Population Foundation of India


Poonam Muttreja is the Executive Director of the Population Foundation of India (PFI) and a member of the Family Planning 2020 Reference Group. Poonam has more than 30 years of experience in the socio-development sector. Before joining PFI, Poonam worked with the McArthur Foundation as India Country Director where she was responsible for the Foundation’s grants in India which had a focus on population and development issues. An innovator in the field of development, in the earlier stage of her career she has founded organizations in areas of social justice (SRUTI), craft (DASTKAR) and programs on leadership (Founder Director of the Ashoka Foundation, India) especially in the field of women’s health. Poonam has a Master's Degree in Public Administration from the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.

Mathew Joseph

Country Representative, Pathfinder International, India

Mathew Joseph is Pathfinder's Country Representative in India and Advance Family Planning project lead.

Mathew has 18 years of experience in family planning, reproductive and child health, HIV and AIDS, and nutrition. He also has technical expertise in behavior change communications and social marketing. Before working at Pathfinder, Mathew worked as the India Country Director for the Micronutrient Initiative, a Canadian organization working on maternal and child nutrition. Prior to that, he was the Regional Director of Population Services International (PSI) in Eastern India. Earlier in this career, Mathew worked as the Program Officer for Condom Promotion at the National AIDS Control Organization (NACO), under the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India.

Arun Lall

Director - Corporate Engagement, Pathfinder International, India

Arun Kumar Lall is the Director - Corporate Engagement for Family Planning with Pathfinder International India.  Based in New Delhi his specific remit is within the Advanced Family Planning (AFP) advocacy project.

Arun has 14 years’ rich experience in the social development sector in both India and the UK.  His previous organizations include Habitat for Humanity India and the Micro Insurance Academy.  His career has covered most sector areas including health, housing, sanitation and women’s equality and empowerment.  Arun has expertise in strategic and operational aspects of not for profits and a particular specialism is corporate engagement.  This has involved extensive working in resources development, donor acquisition from private corporates Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) portfolio’s.  Prior to the NGO arena Arun has worked for private corporates with 12 years’ experience largely within marketing, business and sales development.  He has completed a BA (Hons) by independent study in Business & Marketing Principles from the University of East London.  

Suranjeen Prasad Pallipamula

State Program Manager, Jharkhand, Jhpiego, India

Dr Suranjeen Prasad Pallipamula is a Community Health Specialist working in Jharkhand for the past 12 years. He is the Jharkhand State Program Manager for Jhpiego (an affiliate of Johns Hopkins University). He is the lead for Advance Family Planning project in Jharkhand focusing on quality of care in family planning services. 

His works includes quality assurances of clinical services especially for maternal health, improving Nursing Education and Family Planning Services. His earlier work has largely been on Community Participation and Accountability in Health, where he worked as a team leader to facilitate the setting up of a Village Health Committee and a health volunteer called Sahiyya in each village of Jharkhand. He has also worked on an advocacy campaign that led to a Youth Policy for the State of Jharkhand and facilitated the setting up of a civil society network called JASHN that prepared a report card on Nutrition in Jharkhand. He did his MBBS and MD in Community Medicine from the Christian Medical College, Vellore and was awarded the Leadership Development Mechanism Fellowship for Sexual and Reproductive Health in 2006 by the Packard Foundation.

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