India is the second most populous country in the world, contributing to 35% of the global population. In 1951 it became the first country in the developing world to introduce a national family planning program to lower fertility and stabilize population growth.

Of the six high-priority states identified by the government of India, Bihar has the highest fertility rate (3.5), the highest unmet need (35.9%), and low modern contraceptive prevalence (29%). The state of Uttar Pradesh’s maternal and infant mortality rates are among the highest in the country, and nearly one in three women have an unmet need for family planning.[1]

In India, AFP partners with Jhpiego, Pathfinder, and Population Foundation of India (PFI).

AFP and Population Foundation of India (PFI), work in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. With both state governments ready to take policy and funding action, PFI is determined to advance on the commitment to increase contraceptive options and improve access to a wide range of contraceptive methods, with quality of care at the center.

AFP partners with Jhpiego to work in Jharkhand at the state level and initially focusing on Ranchi and Bokaro districts. Jhpiego’s work focuses on bringing about programmatic and policy level changes to ensure access to quality in family planning services.

Taking advantage of provisions under the recently amended Indian Companies Act, 2013 where the law mandates Indian corporates to allocate 2% of their profits to their Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) activities, Pathfinder International has partnered with Advance Family Planning to advocate inclusion of FP into CSR policies and increase financial allocations year by year. Through this advocacy initiative that involves strategic engagement with Indian companies by experienced personnel using AFP smart tools,  Pathfinder hopes to unlock a new source of local funding for much-needed family planning programs in India.

View India’s Family Planning 2020 commitment.

In the tabs below, review PFI’s Key Contacts, their specific Advocacy Priorities for 2015, India’s Evidence & Briefs, and Milestones toward achieving family planning goals.

[1] (DLHS 07-08).



ÉTUDE DE CAS: L’Uttar Pradesh initie l’examen et la révision de sa politique de population

Source: AFP

En février 2014, la Population Foundation of India, a signé un accord de collaboration avec l’Agence d’État pour les Projets d’Innovation en Planification Familiale (SIFPSA) pour examiner et réviser la politique de population de l’état d’Uttar Pradesh. Cet accord, facilité par SIFPSA en collaboration avec le partenaire d’Advance Family Planning, la Population Foundation of India (PFI), marque une étape importante vers une visibilité accrue de la planification familiale dans l’agenda politique de cet état, en identifiant des domaines d’amélioration dans les programmes de ce dernier, et en définissant un plan de mise en oeuvre pour suivre le progrès en cours.


Priorities in family planning advocacy in India over the next several years will focus on: (1) reducing regulations that impede implementation of favorable policies; (2) expanding the range of contraceptive methods available to women and couples, including contraceptive injectables; (3) increasing equitable access to quality services in underserved areas (including urban centers) and among the poor; (4) increasing the engagement of the private sector; (5) improving quality of care and informed choice.

AFP Resources
Date Title Source

Importance and Impact of Family Planning

Duff Gillespie, Advance Family Planning, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health
Other Resources
Date Title Source

Robbed of Choice and Dignity: Indian Women Dead after Mass Sterilisation - Situational Assessment of Sterilisation Camps in Bilaspur District, Chhattisgarh

Read the Situational Assessment of Sterilisation Camps in Bilaspur, written by four non-governmental organizations in India, including Advance Family...
Report by Multi-organisational Team

India's 'Vision FP 2020'

This document tries to articulate India’s global commitments made at the London Summit 2012 where over 60 developing countries pledged access to...
Government of India

Multiple Deprivations and Maternal Care in India

This study found wide inequalities in the provision of antenatal care, medical assistance at delivery and postnatal care among Indian women. Only 25...
International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health

Condom Use Before Marriage and Its Correlates: Evidence from India

India has a long history of promoting condom use. It did initially as part of its family welfare and STD control programs, and later, with the...
International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health

Mass Media Campaign Promotes Family Planning in India

TV and radio spots were developed following extensive research from previous phases of the mass media campaign that used multiple creative approaches...
Center for Communication Programs

Reproductive Health, and Child Health and Nutrition in India: Meeting the Challenge

India, with a population of more than 1 billion people, has many challenges in improving the health and nutrition of its citizens. Steady declines...
The Lancet

Low Use of Contraception Among Poor Women in Africa: An Equity Issue

Global health has improved considerably over the last four decades, but everywhere the health status of the poor compares unfavorably with that of...
World Health Organization, 2011
AFP Resources
Date Title Source

State Innovations in Family Planning Services Agency (SIFPSA) approves establishment of district working groups (DWGs) in 3 districts of Uttar Pradesh

Following advocacy from AFP partner Population Foundation of India (PFI), Mr. Rigzin Samphel, Additional Executive Director, SIFPSA, signed a letter...

AFP conducts SMART facilitation in Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh (UP) is the most populous state in India. The state has a total population of 19.96 crores (2011 census. As per the recent data...
Advance Family Planning

Case Study: Uttar Pradesh Initiates Review and Revision of Population Policy

In February 2014, the State Innovations in Family Planning Services Project Agency (SIFPSA), Uttar Pradesh, India, signed a memorandum of...

Government of Uttar Pradesh begins family planning program review

As a next step to the approved quarterly family planning review meetings, Advance Family Planning partner Population Foundation of India (PFI)...
Population Foundation of India

AFP conducts regional consultations for review and revision of Uttar Pradesh's population policy

  As part of the review and revision of Uttar Pradesh’s population policy in partnership with State Innovations in Family Planning Project...
Population Foundation of India

Government of Uttar Pradesh Funds New Family Planning Program Review Meetings

On October 25, 2014, AFP partner Population Foundation of India (PFI) achieved its second quick win—the Government of India through the National...

Uttar Pradesh initiates review and revision of the state's population policy

On February 20, 2014, Advance Family Planning partner Population Foundation of India signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with the...
Advance Family Planning, SIFPSA
Other Resources
Date Title Source

Civil Surgeon, Jehanabad District, Bihar commits to strengthening family planning program

Following AFP partners Population Foundation of India (PFI)and Gramin Evam Nagar Vikas Parishad (GENVP) continuous advocacy efforts, the Civil...
District Health Society, Jehanabad District, Bihar

Duff Gillespie

Director, Advance Family Planning

Duff Gillespie is a Senior Scholar at The Bill and Melinda Gates Institute for Population and Reproductive Health, a Professor in the Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and Project Director for Advance Family Planning. Dr. Gillespie was Senior Deputy Assistant Administrator for the Global Health Bureau at the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). He has worked in the population and health field for 30 years and was the Director of USAID’s Office of Population for seven years. Before moving to Johns Hopkins in 2004, he was a Visiting Scholar at the David and Lucile Packard Foundation.

Mervyn Christian

Program Officer, Advance Family Planning

+1 (410) 502-9085

Mervyn Christian is a program officer with Advance Family Planning at the Bill and Melinda Gates Institute for Population and Reproductive health, part of Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (JHSPH). He works with in-country partners to implement AFP’s advocacy approach. He has a strong background in public health programs and research with focus on reproductive health, maternal and child health, adolescent health and gender based violence. His work in programs and research combined approaches in community mobilization, behavior change communication, capacity building and advocacy. He has also been involved in addressing issues of sexual and gender based violence in the United States and post conflict Democratic Republic of Congo. Most recently at the Bloomberg School of Public Health he coordinated monitoring and evaluation study on maternal and child health outcomes in Cambodia, Guatemala, Kenya and Zambia. He holds a Masters in Public Health from JHSPH and a post graduate degree in Management of NGOs from Entrepreneurship Development Institute of India.

Poonam Muttreja

Executive Director, Population Foundation of India


Poonam Muttreja is the Executive Director of the Population Foundation of India (PFI) and a member of the Family Planning 2020 Reference Group. Poonam has more than 30 years of experience in the socio-development sector. Before joining PFI, Poonam worked with the McArthur Foundation as India Country Director where she was responsible for the Foundation’s grants in India which had a focus on population and development issues. An innovator in the field of development, in the earlier stage of her career she has founded organizations in areas of social justice (SRUTI), craft (DASTKAR) and programs on leadership (Founder Director of the Ashoka Foundation, India) especially in the field of women’s health. Poonam has a Master's Degree in Public Administration from the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.

Rishu Prakash

Program Coordinator – Advance Family Planning

Mr. Rishu Prakash is a Post Graduate in Health & Hospital Management from IIHMR, Jaipur with 8 years of experience in Program Planning and implementation with State Governments and International development agencies. He has been involved in designing a wide variety of health programs under National Rural Health Mission and Assisted the Directorate of Family Welfare- Gujarat He has facilitated the development of E-Mamta Software (Accepted as MCTS by GOI) and actively participated in development of Nutrition Mission document in Gujarat. In his last assignment he worked as Consultant- Family Planning with UNFPA, Bihar. He had earlier worked as Project Officer - Family Planning & PNDT (PO-FP & PNDT) & In-charge PO- Child Health with Department of Health & Family Welfare, Gujarat.    

Monica Wahengbam

Senior Program Coordinator – Advance Family Planning


Monica coordinates the Advance Family Planning program in India and provides technical and programmatic support to the program in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. She has a work experience of 10 years with specialization in Sexual & Reproductive Health programs. Her core areas of expertise include managing projects, developing strong skills in providing technical support to implementing partners in national NGOs. Prior to joining PFI, she was Program Associate at Packard Foundation (India). She supported the grant making portfolio and led the Organizational Effectiveness program in India. Monica has a Master’s degree of Arts in Sociology from University of Pune and did six months internship on NGO management with Child In Need Institute (CINI) supported by DFID.

Sanjay Pandey

Director, Programs – Population Foundation of India


Dr. Sanjay Pandey as a Director-Programs at Population Foundation of India provides key support to Advance Family Planning's advocacy initiatives. Sanjay comes with a rich background of leadership in health programs at various national and international organizations. Sanjay was actively involved in designing the National Urban Health Mission of India and has led programs at UNICEF, CARE and PFI. Sanjay has Ph.D. in Economics, from IIT Kanpur. He has more than 21 years of experience including over fourteen years of experience in Maternal and Child Health field programs.

Ratna Khare

Programme Officer, Advance Family Planning, Uttar Pradesh

Ratna is a post-graduate in Social Work with 18 years of experience in program planning and management with international NGOs and community based voluntary organizations. At AFP, Ratna provides programmatic support and coordinates advocacy initiatives in UP. She has managed projects on Health, Family life education, Family Planning, Livelihoods, Institution development, Women empowerment, and disaster management. Effective networking and relationship management with government / non-government organizations, PRIs and other regulatory authorities for promoting various development programmes. A keen and enthusiastic communicator with strong leadership and co-ordination skills having flair for interacting with people at all levels.

Pinki Kumari

Program Officer, Advance Family Planning, Bihar

Pinki Kumari is AFP's Program Officer in Bihar. She comes to AFP with strong technical background in sexual and reproductive health and family planning focusing on adolescents and youth combining approaches in capacity building and advocacy. She has worked in various capacities with the government of Bihar, local NGOs and INGOs. She is a recipient of Ford Foundation Fellowship program and has a Masters in Public Health from Leeds University, UK. 

Coordinating Partner

Population Foundation of India (PFI) is a national NGO at the forefront of policy advocacy and research on population issues in the country.

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